As morals in the practice of medicine are on the brink of decline, it’s much more important to carry on medical ethics in all conditions. Health care and instruction are thought to be the essential components to ensure the survival of society into future generations. It is likened to the foolish man who built his house on sand and was washed away by the floods if their principles are not built on solid foundations to resist the persistent erosion of values.
Solid concepts in providing health care services revolve around its code of ethics. Challenges may appear in the form of abuse or misuse of medications, procedures, treatments and other kinds associated with the field. Banking on the assumption of non-involvement translating to innocence, the fact remains that information without action is is the same as condoning the act.
The role of medical ethics within its world of practice and study deserves recognition. Therefore, morals in medication should be an area consistently extolled in the corridors and hallways, drummed into the heads of health care practitioners of standing and levels. It is not satisfactory for the common to be the sole party conscious of the presence of the enemy.
Valuing the Hippocratic Oath
As an ancient record discovered in 4th-century BC, the Hippocratic Oath is generally believed to have been composed by the Greek physician, Hippocrates, or by one of his pupils. The objective of this pledge was to supply some codes for physicians to conform to daily and in their health-related practices lives. Since its inception, most medical schools have contained some edition of the oath included in their swearing in ceremonies for graduating doctors.
The fundamentals of the current pledge are not dissimilar to the classic variant because doctors are to guarantee to take care of their patients to the top of their abilities, honor their patients’ privacy and never let private biases to influence how they care for their sufferers. The modern version also includes promises to share knowledge with future doctors and to respect the scientific accomplishments of previous physicians. The pledge also advises against around treating notes and patients that doctors should remember that medicine is as much of a skill as this is a science. As a result of this, comprehension and the physician’s compassion are not as unimportant to treating their patients as their medical instruments.
The Hippocratic oath is not cast in stone. Over the centuries, it had been altered to reflect the beliefs common among Catholics. Oftentimes alterations were established to deal with other problems,such as helping plague casualties. In recent times, it’s been changed to conform with modern thinking.
While other ideals significant to current society have now been added in many variations of the oath, theories that no longer echoes the practice of medicine have now been deleted. As an example, the guideline of individual autonomy may be essential to medical training nowadays, but it had no equivalent in early Greek medicine and this was not tackled in the classic Hippocratic oath. The notion of patients’ rights shapes an important part of many terms in use in these contemporary times.
Additionally, the doctor-patient relationship has changed, with concepts for example informed consent getting progressively important. So it is clear that only a small number of medical schools still administer the Hippocratic oath in its earlier form.
Other developments to the pledge are possibly more astonishing. In 1993, just 43% of the pledges administered with modern versions of the oath including no penalty for violation of its terms, in America and Canada comprised a vow that doctors be liable for his or her activities. Denouncing euthanasia and abortion and invoking a deity were even less common, and vowing to don’t have any sexual contact with patients shaped part of only 3 percent of the declarations employed by the schools studied.
Despite the various changes to the oath, the usage of oaths is commonly seen as devoted to moral and fundamentally noble ideals that were important to some profession. The 1993 study referred to above found that most pledges in use focus on the commitment physicians make to their patients, requiring future doctors to guarantee in caring for his or her patients to do their best. Making this kind of proclamation focuses upon the worthy ethical precepts underlying the medical community.
Doctors are also warned to never play God also to recall that persons are being treated by them with medical issues in keeping with this particular theme of humility. Thus, they should never allow their focus on the issues to cause them to overlook the basic individual needs of the patients.
Even though the 1964 version of the Hippocratic Oath attempted to update several of the earlier issues, interpreting of the oath continues to spur debate among physicians and non-physicians alike.
Professor Edmund Pellegrino stated iIn an editorial published in The Medical Journal of Australia:
Perhaps for many the medical oath is today a shard of a fractured ancient image. But enough of that image remains in the consciousness of the profession to remind us that to forget it entirely would be to make medicine a commercial, industrial or proletarian enterprise.
Whether the oath or the modern declarations that it has fathered are pertinent today, it legacy will probably continue to be a point of argument that is academic. But regardless of the result, doctors’ commitment to looking after the sick stays worthy of recognition.
When does one end life support in order to salvage organs for donation? Is it right to continue psychological experiments if either short- or long-term emotional damage is likely? To what extent can human volunteers be used for scientific experimentation? These are questions that are addressed under the scope of bioethics.
People from many backgrounds contribute to bioethical discussions. Medical doctors, researchers, lawyers, theologians, and philosophers are among many who recognize ethical issues and work together to determine courses of action to resolve ethical dilemmas.
Exploring Bioethical Issues
Bioethical issues most often involve situations and practices that are not clearly addressed with a common result between legal and personal belief systems or between scientific logic and humanity. Abortion, stem cell research, and life support are common, modern-day, bioethical issues with no true resolution among the general population. Other bioethical issues are more clearly understood and widely-accepted, such as patient confidentiality and medical informed consent for patient procedures.
In the Practical Bioethics article, “What is Bioethics,” the Center for Practical Bioethics describes bioethics as “the application of ethics to the field of medicine.” They further explain that medical ethics combines the ethical topics of doing the right thing and obligation with cultural traditions.
An example of medical bioethics is that Jehovah’s Witnesses do not believe in blood transfusions. When a procedure is strongly advised or even necessary, it is the obligation of the physician to inform the patient of the benefits and risks. The bioethical question regarding Jehovah’s Witnesses is whether to include the benefits and risks of blood transfusions when discussing medical options.
Some would argue that this is really the only way to truly acquire informed consent. Discussion and full disclosure is necessary although it is not medically ethical to coerce or otherwise force a patient to accept treatment that he or she rejects based on religious or other principles.
According to the article, “What is Bioethics,” from the University of Western Ontario Bioethics Research Group web site:
Bioethics involves the recognition and analysis of moral problems raised by a medical controversy in clinical or research practice. [It then] provides tools for analysis that will clarify possible courses of action. The goal of bioethics is…to encourage (the people involved in decision making) to think clearly and carefully about their options.
Both not-for-profit and for-profit businesses turn to bioethics research to resolve moral and social issues that can affect customers and employees. Bioethicists may assist with developing company policies, such as those pertaining to patient care.
As the entire world is now transforming into a melting pot of cultures and faiths, it is certainly a crucial move to understand the various types of lifestyles so as not to overstep the limits of one and result in a mistake. The practice of health service which might not be unacceptable to a people group may be frowned upon by another another group. For example, blood transfusions are not adhered to by some faiths. Therefore, one has to be delicate in dealing with such positions as ethics orders the economy of lives.